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Sandalwood Essential Oil




Samples - Sandalwood Chips


    Sandalwood oil Samples 


The word sandalwood in English, Chandan in Hindi, Santhanam in Tamil represent the precious and scented wood.  ‘ Santulam album’ is the botanical name for the above species.  Sandalwood tree is a small ever green tree with a moderate height of 12 – 15 Metres.  Matured trees are covered with a dark brown to reddish bark.  The smooth trunk of young trees turns rough with age and exhibits deep vertical cracks.  The small leathery leaves display a range of greenish colors.  The purplish brown flowers are small and unscented.  Though the tree can grow under a variety of environmental conditions, the finest heartwood is formed only in dry, rocky and hilly terrain in Tamil Nadu.



  In Nilgiris, Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Dharmapuri, Thiruvannamalai, Vellore, Namakkal and Villupuram Districts, this species naturally spread over in large areas.  It is found in Karnataka and part of Kerala also.


The Sandalwood is used in aromatic, religious and medicinal purposes.  The Sandalwood oil is being extracted from ancient times and exported to different countries from India.  In older days, this oil was used for perfume purpose only and the use was limited to Royal families.  Now this wood, powder and oil is being used quite common for different purposes.


Powder of heartwood upon steam distillation yields the East Indian Sandalwood Oil, which is rated very high for its sweet fragrant persistent.  The percentage of the sandalwood oil content varies from 3% to 5.6% depending on the parts of tree used.  The roots of the tree contain high percentage of oil while stem portion of tree (Jojbokal) contains higher percentage of santalol content.  Popular perfume compositions are prepared by hydro distilling the volatile essences     of flowers (Jasmine, Kendra, Naresissus, Rose) on to sandal oil.  Sandal oil has earned a prominent place in Agarpathi, Cosmetic fragrance and soap industries.  Apart from its importance as supremely satisfying source of fragrance, it finds use in medicine.



Sandalwood oil – Pure is being exported to Dubai, U.K., Singapore, Canada, France, U.S.A., Australia and Hong Kong, and the Corporation is having regular contacts with foreign buyers and also established its brand name.

 Uses of Sandalwood Oil

The major quantity of the sandalwood oil is used for the manufacture of perfumes and cosmetics.  Also the sandalwood oil is playing a vital roll for the preparation of medicines.


Sandal oil is a popular remedy in Gonorrhoea, Chronic foetid bronchitis and Cystitis, gleet, urethral haemorrhage.  Oil is valuable in bronchial catarrh.  A mixture of oil of sandal of cubebs and copaiba is generally recommended for gonorrhoea – Dose seven drops on sugar.


In remittent fevers this oil acts as a diaphoretic. It diminishes the rapidity of heart’s action.  Externally, the oil is an excellent application in scabies in every stage and form.  Sandal oil mixed with its double the quantity of mustard oil is a good application for pimples on nose.  


The chief use of sandalwood oil in medicine is in the symptomatic treatment of disuria.  It is given in the sub – acute stages of cystitis and gonorrhoea for its action on the urinary passage during excretion.  It is also used in diminishing the frequency of mictorition, which is so marked in the tuber – culosis of the bladder.  

Sandal oil is employed as dis–infectants for the urinogential tract and as expectorants in bronchittes.


Specification for sandalwood oil limits as per I S 329 – 1993:

1. Color and appearance

: Nearly colorless to golden yellow, 

  viscously  liquid.

2. Odour

: Pleasant, sweet, woody persistent. 

3. Refractive index @ 27 C

:1.500 to 1.507. 

4. Optical rotation

: -15 to  -20. 

5. Relative density @ 27 / 27 C

: 0.9635 – 0.9775 

6. Free alcohol as santalol

: 90% minimum 

7. Esters as santalylacetate

: 7% maximum


Sandalwood oil – Pure is being exported to


Sandalwood oil – Pure is being exported to

 Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Austrian Empire* Azerbaijan B Baden* Bahamas, The Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Bavaria* Belarus Belgium Belize Benin (Dahomey) Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Brunswick and Lüneburg* Bulgaria Burkina Faso (Upper Volta) Burma Burundi C Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands, The Central African Republic Central American Federation* Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Free State, The* Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czechia Czechoslovakia* D Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Duchy of Parma, The* E East Germany (German Democratic Republic)* Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Eswatini Ethiopia F Federal Government of Germany (1848-49)* Fiji Finland France G Gabon Gambia, The Georgia Germany Ghana Grand Duchy of Tuscany, The* Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana H Haiti Hanover* Hanseatic Republics* Hawaii* Hesse* Holy See Honduras Hungary I Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy J Jamaica Japan Jordan K Kazakhstan Kenya Kingdom of Serbia/Yugoslavia* Kiribati Korea Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan L Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Lew Chew (Loochoo)* Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg M Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mecklenburg-Schwerin* Mecklenburg-Strelitz* Mexico Micronesia Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique N Namibia Nassau* Nauru Nepal Netherlands, The New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria North German Confederation* North German Union* North Macedonia Norway O Oldenburg* Oman Orange Free State* P Pakistan Palau Panama Papal States* Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Piedmont-Sardinia* Poland Portugal Q Qatar R Republic of Genoa* Republic of Korea (South Korea) Republic of the Congo Romania Russia Rwanda S Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Schaumburg-Lippe* Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands, The Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syria T Tajikistan Tanzania Texas* Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Two Sicilies* U Uganda Ukraine Union of Soviet Socialist Republics* United Arab Emirates, The United Kingdom, The Uruguay Uzbekistan V Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam W Württemberg* Y Yemen Z Zambia Zimbabwe
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